Treating the issue of land and water use seriously
The nature has gifted us with its resources, which cater to our survival needs. However, human kind should act responsibly with respect to land and water use, as misusing these precious resources for short term gains could mean devastation for future generations.
Contamination of water by greedy humans
Underground water resources form the main supply source for serving the needs of millions of residents in United States, apart from the existing streams, rivers and lakes, for their drinking water and land use needs. However, contamination by the manmade activities, as well as, natural sources has changed the quality of these water bodies, from time to time. As naturally occurring rock and mineral formation, underground, vary from region to region, the physical and chemical properties of the underground water in such regions change accordingly. In addition to such natural phenomenon, the man-made pollution of the water bodies by dumping of chemicals and intentional applications of pesticides and over the surface, certainly affects the water quality, underground or above the surface. Hence, it is necessary that methods employed for land and water use should suit the water available in the area, while care must be taken to avoid the contamination of water, at all levels. In addition, it is equally essential that water is not wasted, while it is used for irrigation and other purposes. This is particularly important, as the population grows and the per capita demand of water increases. However, with the limited resources of water, excess use of same for land irrigation and other purposes may leave us without sufficient drinking water.
Intentional misuse of land
In most of the cases, the land is not used properly but misused intentionally, to maximize profits from the agricultural and industrial produce. This human activity certainly contaminates the area surrounding the particular region, along with the ground water of the area. However, the criteria for determining the magnitude of contamination of water in certain area would involve considering the process of contamination, while referring to different underground water sources. For example, the water in a well can be contaminated while the water charge for the same passes through the comminuted area before reaching the well. Accordingly, every well has a “contributing area”, which is responsible for the water quality in the well. Similarly the water bodies like streams, lakes and rivers can have contaminated water, which depends on the land and water use of their contributing area. The complete area would have pollutants that occur either freely or are generated by man-made activities. The rainfall in the area accelerates the movement of these contaminants.
However, readers should look for more details on land and water use, in the forthcoming pages, here, while they can look at topics to get information on other issues.